ALL Plants Have Color Vision?!

From MinuteEarth.

Thanks to the ASCEND project for partnering with us on this video!

Plants can tell when competitors are nearby because they can *see* them.

To learn more about this topic, start your googling with these keywords:
– Shade avoidance: changes in plant body form and function that occur in response to the light signals provided by neighboring vegetation
– Photoreceptors: light-sensitive proteins involved in the sensing and response to light in a variety of organisms
– Far-red light: light at the extreme red end of the visible spectrum, just before infrared light (wavelength of ~700 to 750 nm)

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Kate Yoshida | Script Writer, Narrator and Director
Arcadi Garcia i Rius | Illustration, Video Editing and Animation
Nathaniel Schroeder | Music

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Arcadi Garcia i Rius • David Goldenberg • Melissa Hayes
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Ballaré CL, and Pierik R. (2017) The shade-avoidance syndrome: multiple signals and ecological consequences. Plant, Cell & Environment, 40: 2530–2543.

Casal JJ. (2013) Photoreceptor signaling networks in plant responses to shade. Annu Rev Plant Biol. 64:403-27.

Kothari S, Montgomery RA, Cavender-Bares J. (2021) Physiological responses to light explain competition and facilitation in a tree diversity experiment. Journal of Ecology 109: 2000–2018.

Palayam M, Ganapathy J, Guercio AM et al. (2021) Structural insights into photoactivation of plant Cryptochrome-2. Commun Biol 4, 28.

Roig-Villanova I, Paulišić S, Martinez-Garcia JF. (2019) Shade Avoidance and Neighbor Detection. In: Hiltbrunner, A. (eds) Phytochromes. Methods in Molecular Biology, vol 2026. Humana, New York, NY.

Smith, H. (2000) Phytochromes and light signal perception by plants—an emerging synthesis. Nature 407, 585–591.