America’s ONLY Extinct Butterfly Species

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Today I finally address a gap in my knowledge: butterflies. To do this, I’m using a field guide to try to find what has gone extinct.

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Sources:

https://images.peabody.yale.edu/lepsoc/jls/1950s/1956/1956-10(3-4)113-Tilden.pdf

https://xerces.org/about-xerces

https://www.extinction.photo/species/xerces-blue/

https://www.floridamuseum.ufl.edu/100years/xerces-blue/

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsbl.2021.0123

https://thekidshouldseethis.com/post/what-secrets-will-the-extinct-xerces-blue-butterfly-reveal

In the Shadow of the Xerces Blue

https://www.butterfliesofamerica.com/L/endangered_taxa.htm

https://butterflywebsite.com/endangered-butterflies.cfm

https://www.iucn.org/press-release/202207/migratory-monarch-butterfly-now-endangered-iucn-red-list

http://www.sci.sdsu.edu/serg/restorationproj/chaparraland/palosverdes/pvma.htm

https://www.cnn.com/2021/07/20/world/xerces-blue-butterfly-extinction-scn/index.html

https://sfbaywildlife.info/species/butterflies.htm

https://www.earth.com/news/surprisingly-high-butterfly-diversity-found-in-north-american-deserts/

https://www.cell.com/iscience/fulltext/S2589-0042(21)00207-8

https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1988-03-10-me-1217-story.html

https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1987-04-03-me-2475-story.html

https://www.jstor.org/stable/20021416#metadata_info_tab_contents

https://books.google.com/books?id=edzRAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA242&lpg=PA242&dq=minois+sthenele&source=bl&ots=Vx63s2RT54&sig=ACfU3U3JBMy_6AwobQFBoG3Q4rueQfGzbw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj_05ez3rD7AhWYF1kFHcyoCqoQ6AF6BAgrEAM#v=onepage&q=minois%20sthenele&f=false

https://archive.org/stream/memoirsofsouther1193sout/memoirsofsouther1193sout_djvu.txt

http://ftp.funet.fi/pub/sci/bio/life/insecta/lepidoptera/ditrysia/papilionoidea/nymphalidae/satyrinae/minois/

https://xerces.org/red-list-of-butterflies-and-moths/

https://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/search/google/

https://usfws.medium.com/saving-socals-rarest-butterflies-ba8b6e0f7f7f

https://databasin.org/datasets/e61f4c285cf94b3290917bb9d8300fb5/

https://www.urbanwildlands.org/Resources/MattoniJResLep2003.pdf

https://www.urbanwildlands.org/Resources/2009rearingPVB.pdf

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/290390910_Some_notes_on_the_Minois_paupera_Alpheraky_1888-group_with_description_of_a_new_subspecies_from_SE_Tibet_China_Lepidoptera_Nymphalidae_Satyrinae

Wild Genomes – Awarded Projects

U.S. deserts are butterfly biodiversity hotspots

https://www.cell.com/iscience/fulltext/S2589-0042(21)00207-8?_returnURL=https%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS2589004221002078%3Fshowall%3Dtrue

https://www.inaturalist.org/guide_taxa/1715685

https://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/species/Plebejus-neurona

California Butterflies: Pictures and Butterfly Identification Help

https://www.floridamuseum.ufl.edu/100years/xerces-blue/

https://archive.org/details/californiabutter00gart

https://montereybay.noaa.gov/sitechar/coast2.html

https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=778124#null

https://www.floridamuseum.ufl.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/56/2022/04/AME163.pdf

Climate Change and Ant-Butterfly Mutualisms

https://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/species/Plebejus-anna

http://butterfliesofamerica.com/L/t/Cercyonis_sthenele_a.htm

https://butterfliesofamerica.com/t/Glaucopsyche_lygdamus_a.htm

http://butterfliesofamerica.com/t/Glaucopsyche_lygdamus_xerces_a.htm

https://www.joelsartore.com/ins007-00356/