best physics equation | virial theorem | gravothermal catastrophe

From acollierastro.

Three things from thermodynamics. Why PV=nRt? What is the temperature of a black hole? Why is the PBS NOVA show so bad? I really tried to pronounce Clausius correctly but I don’t think I nailed it.

On the Mechanical Theorem Applicable to Heat by R. Clausius:

On the Masses of Nebulae and of Clusters of Nebular by F. Zwicky:….86..217Z

The Gravo-Thermal Catastrophe by D. Lynden-Bell and R. Wood:

Paul Ehrenfest article:

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