This video is supported by the NASA Heliophysics Education Activation Team (NASA HEAT), part of NASA’s Science Activation portfolio.
Because eclipses are powerful and frightening events, ancient cultures went to great lengths to understand eclipses, leading to remarkably accurate predictions and helping invent the science of astronomy.
To learn more about this topic, start your googling with these keywords:
– Saros: a period of about 18 years between repetitions of solar and lunar eclipses.
If you liked this week’s video, you might also like:
The Five Millenium Canon of Solar Eclipses – https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEpubs/5MCSE.html
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Stonehenge Midsummer Sunrise 2013
Photo by: Flickr user Stonehenge Stone Circle
Bamboo Annals: double dawn
Liu, Liu, and Ma, 2003, Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage (ISSN 1440-2807), Vol. 6, No. 1, p. 53 – 63, Figure 2. Bamboo Annals: double dawn.
Cuneiform tablet: ephemeris of eclipses
Seleucid ca. 4th–2nd century BCE / Met Museum
Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak and Jean Meeus (NASA’s GSFC)
Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses
Saros series (via NASA)
Adapted from a Map illustration by Michael Zeiler
Paths of totality from eclipse calculator by Xavier Jubier
Eclipse predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Many Saros Series
Adapted from: https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEatlas/SEatlas3/SEatlas2041.GIF
Credit: Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA GSFC Emeritus.
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Brown, Daniel. “Blood Moon: Lunar Eclipse Myths from around the World.” The Conversation, theconversation.com/blood-moon-lunar-eclipse-myths-from-around-the-world-100548
Carman, Christián C., and James Evans. “On the Epoch of the Antikythera Mechanism and Its Eclipse Predictor.” Archive for History of Exact Sciences, vol. 68, no. 6, Nov. 2014, pp. 693–774, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00407-014-0145-5
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Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses. 30 July 2021.
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