Is Autism A Disorder Or A Difference To Be Celebrated?

From Above the Noise.

Is Autism A Disorder Or A Difference to Be Celebrated?
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**What is autism?**
If you look up the definition of autism, you’ll get something like this: autism is a developmental disability caused by differences in the brain that can affect how people behave, communicate, interact, and learn. The OFFICIAL diagnosis goes by ASD – Autism Spectrum Disorder. But, there’s no one look or symptom you can point to and decree – this person has autism! It exists on a spectrum, meaning it shows up differently depending on the person.

**What is neurodiversity?**
The brain is the most complex organ in the human body. So, it shouldn’t come as a surprise that everyone’s brain develops in a unique way. That’s how we get the concept of neurodiversity, which is the idea that there is no one, universally accepted definition of what a “normal” brain is. It basically focuses on how the kinds of behaviors we consider “normal” vary depending on the culture we live in. When someone behaves as expected by their society, they can be considered neurotypical. Most of society is built around how neurotypicals go about their day. But as I’m sure you know, there are tons of people who don’t fit in with how society expects them to be. This includes many people with brain-base disabilities like autism, ADHD, Tourette’s – the list goes on. Many of them consider themselves neurodivergent.

**What is the difference between the medical model of disability and the social model?**
Most disabilities have historically been viewed through the lens of the medical model. Using this view, a disability is something that needs to be fixed or cured. Like, if someone needs to get into a building, but that person is in a wheelchair, they need to adapt in order to get up the stairs to get through the door. The social model, on the other hand, focuses more on how the environment can be adapted to better fit the person. Using this model, you would build a ramp, so the person in a wheelchair could get into the building.

Autism spectrum disorder

The Myth of the Normal Brain: Embracing Neurodiversity

Why the focus of autism research is shifting away from searching for a ‘cure’

Clearing Up Some Misconceptions about Neurodiversity

History of autism. The beginnings. Collusions or serendipity

It’s time we dispelled these myths about autism

The Vaccine-Autism Myth Started 20 Years Ago.

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0:00 Intro
0:59 The Concept of Neurodiversity
2:12 Neurodivergent vs Neurotypical
5:33 History of Autism
7:12 Medical Model vs Social Model