The Insane Biology of: The Emperor Penguin

From Real Science. ( YouTube / Nebula )

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Credits:
Writer/Narrator: Stephanie Sammann
Writer: Justin Chua (justinchua777@gmail.com)
Editor: Dylan Hennessy (https://www.behance.net/dylanhennessy1)
Illustrator: Jacek Ambrożewski
Illustrator/Animator: Kirtan Patel (https://kpatart.com/illustrations)
Animator: Mike Ridolfi (https://www.moboxgraphics.com/)
Sound: Graham Haerther (https://haerther.net)
Thumbnail: Simon Buckmaster (https://twitter.com/forgottentowel)
Producer: Brian McManus (https://www.youtube.com/c/realengineering)

References:
[1] https://www.britannica.com/animal/emperor-penguin
[2] https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0085285
[3] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recapitulation_theory
[4] https://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/14363/pg14363-images.html
[5] https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-022-31508-9
[6] https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1304838110
[7] https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg14619803-600-gas-skin-makes-torpedo-go-like-a-bomb/
[8] https://doi.org/10.3354/meps08868
[9] https://www.researchgate.net/publication/5476439_Heart_rate_regulation_and_extreme_bradycardia_in_diving_emperor_penguins
[10] https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20472777/
[11] https://www.pnas.org/doi/10.1073/pnas.2023936118
[12] https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2015.2033
[13] https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2012.1192
[14] https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2015.09.019
[15] https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crvi.2013.02.002
[16] https://www.antarctica.gov.au/about-antarctica/animals/penguins/emperor-penguin/breeding-cycl e/
[17] https://doi.org/10.2307/1367469
[18] https://doi.org/10.1038/s43247-023-00927-x