Where’s the circle? And how does it relate to where e^(-x^2) comes from?
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The artwork in this video is by Kurt Bruns, aided by Midjourney
Here are several other good posts about the classic Poisson proof
Dr. Alter’s math library: https://idan-alter.github.io/2023/02/20/Gaussian-Integral.html
And if you’d like to see many other variations on approaching this integral, take a look at this expository paper from Keith Conrad: https://kconrad.math.uconn.edu/blurbs/analysis/gaussianintegral.pdf
0:00 – The statistician’s friend
3:44 – The classic proof
12:47 – The Herschel-Maxwell derivation
21:55 – Reflecting back on the proof
24:39 – A bonus problem
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