Why Did It Take Us So Long?

From MinuteEarth.

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We’ve long known that animal pollination is an important way plants reproduce on land, but we’re only JUST finding out animals also pollinate plants underwater.

To learn more about this topic, start your googling with these keywords:
– Zoophily: a form of pollination whereby pollen is transferred by animals
– Hydrophily: a type of pollination in which pollen is dispersed by the flow of water
– Seaweed: massive, multicellular algae
– Spermatia: a nonmotile male gamete of red alga

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Kate Yoshida | Script Writer, Narrator and Director
Arcadi Garcia i Rius | Illustration, Video Editing and Animation
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Ever Salazar • Leonardo Souza • Kate Yoshida

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Lavaut, E., Guillemin, M. L., Colin, S., Faure, A., Coudret, J., Destombe, C., & Valero, M. (2022). Pollinators of the sea: A discovery of animal-mediated fertilization in seaweed. Science, 377(6605), 528-530. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abo6661

Ollerton, J., & Ren, Z. X. (2022). Did pollination exist before plants?. Science, 377(6605), 471-472. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.add3198

van Tussenbroek, B. I., Monroy-Velazquez, L. V., & Solis-Weiss, V. (2012). Meso-fauna foraging on seagrass pollen may serve in marine zoophilous pollination. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 469, 1-6. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps10072

Van Tussenbroek, B. I., Villamil, N., Márquez-Guzmán, J., Wong, R., Monroy-Velázquez, L. V., & Solis-Weiss, V. (2016). Experimental evidence of pollination in marine flowers by invertebrate fauna. Nature communications, 7(1), 12980. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms12980